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Dreadnought Metropolitan Railway Nine Compartment Third No. 465


Dreadnought Metropolitan Railway Nine Compartment Third No. 465 in Quainton's Up Yard

Photo:
Robert Frise - Dreadnought Metropolitan Railway Nine Compartment Third No. 465 in Quainton's Up Yard


Text courtesy the Vintage Carriages Trust Website

This carriage, together with two other Dreadnought carriages, represents the pinnacle of the Metropolitan Railway's coaching stock. In the late 19th century, the Metropolitan Railway was pushing northwest from London towards Aylesbury and beyond. It eventually met up with the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway (forerunner of the Great Central Railway), itself pushing south. The beautiful coaches of the GCR shamed the Metropolitan Railway into producing these Dreadnought coaches.

Nearly one hundred Dreadnoughts were built between 1910 and 1923. Special features which can be found on them are the unusually wide footboards and the curved tops to the doors, reducing the risk of damage if accidentally opened in tunnels. This type of carriage would have been in daily use on the Metropolitan Railway services through Quainton to Verney Junction.

This type of carriage survived until electrification reached Amersham in September 1961, allowing replacement of this locomotive-hauled stock by electric multiple-unit trains. London Transport then stored six carriages at Upminster, Essex until needed in May 1963 for the Underground Centenary celebrations.

The three Metropolitan Railway carriages owned by the Vintage Carriages Trust were all initially purchased privately by Mr David Kitton from London Transport for the then-proposed Westerham Valley Railway preservation project. When this scheme failed, the carriages were loaned to the Worth Valley Railway in July 1965 and two of them formed part of this railway's re-opening train in 1968. After extensive use in the earlier years of the railway the Vintage Carriages Trust purchased all three carriages from Mr Kitton in 1974.

Although originally all turned out in varnished teak, the three coaches are restored to different liveries which they carried during their years of service. The nine-compartment carriage is finished in London Transport's final "Dark Brown" livery, B.S. 381C-412.

These carriages are occasionally used on the Keighley and Worth Valley Railway as a Vintage Train set. The Trust has also embarked on a programme of cleaning, checking and making good where necessary the bogies and underframes of all three of the Metropolitan carriages. The bogie and underframe overhaul of this carriage was completed in June 2004. This carriage visited the National Railway Museum, York in February 2006, February 2007, February 2008 and February 2009. Although these are the only extant Dreadnought carriages, other Metropolitan Railway vehicles have survived. Some of these can be found on the Bluebell Railway.

This carriage is on a 5-year loan to the Buckinghamshire Railway Centre, initially as part of the Metropolitan 150 celebrations in 2013. It appeared in a pure Metropolitan Railway train with Metropolitan No. 1, Metropolitan Railway First Jubilee 353 and Dreadnought Metropolitan Railway Seven Compartment Third No. 427.

References:
Vintage Carriages Trust Website


Origin :- Metropolitan Railway Date Built :- 1919 Number :- 465
Diagram :- - Lot :- -
Type :- Nine-Compartment Third Builder :- Metropolitan Carriage, Wagon &
Finance Company of Birmingham
Owner :- Vintage Carriages Trust
Status :- Restored Location :- Up yard Shed Accession Number :- N/A
Arrival Date :- 2013

Text © Quainton Railway Society / Photographs © Quainton Railway Society or referenced photographer
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Page Updated: 24 September 2017