Buckinghamshire Railway Centre Logo

BRC Website Home
Quainton Virtual Stockbook - Mainline Locomotives - Steam Locomotives

LNWR 2-2-2 No. 3020 Cornwall

Cornwall at Shildon

Courtesy National Railway Museum Shildon Facebook Page - Cornwall on static display at Shildon

Steam locomotive and tender, London & North Western Railway, 2-2-2 No 3020 Cornwall, designed by Trevithick, built at Crewe in 1847, withdrawn in 1927. Part of the National Collection on loan to Quainton.

The locomotive Cornwall was designed by Francis Trevithick and was built at Crewe in 1847, with a 4-2-2 arrangement. Originally, to maintain a low centre of gravity this engine was built with the top of the boiler recessed to accommodate the driving axle, and it was in this form that Cornwall was exhibited at the Great Exhibition of 1851.

Cornwall was completely reconstructed by John Ramsbottom, locomotive superintendent of the Northern Division of the LNWR, in 1858 to a 2-2-2 arrangement and with a boiler of more conventional design. In 1871, F W Webb added a standard chimney, closed-in safety valves and a cab, but the engine in its present condition dates from 1887 when it was given a new boiler and a circular smokebox door.

Cornwall remained in normal service until December 1907 when it was withdrawn and put into Crewe Works Museum. In 1911 it was returned to service until March 1913, at which point it was fitted with a combined tender and saloon on a six-wheeled underframe and returned to service as the Chief Mechanical Engineer’s personal saloon. During this period the locomotive was stabled in Crewe Works in a shed.

Cornwall took part in the centenary celebrations of the Stockton & Darlington Railway in 1925 and was finally withdrawn from traffic in 1927. The locomotive took part in the Liverpool & Manchester centenary in 1930, which was the last time it was in steam.

p class="style1" >Text - with thanks to the Science Museums Collection website.


Builder :- London and North Western Railway Date Built :- 1847
Rebuilt 1858
Origin :- London and North Western Railway
Number :- 3020 Alternate Numbers :- - Name :- Cornwall
Wheel Arrangement :- 2-2-2 Tractive Effort :- 8, 575 lb Boiler Pressure :- xxx psi
Cylinder Dimensions :- 17¼" x 24" Weight :- xxt xxc Driving Wheel Dia. :- 8' 6"
Owner :- National Collection Status :- Static Display Location :- Rewley Road
Arrival Date :- 2017 Departure Date :- N/A Power Classification :- N/A

Text © Quainton Railway Society / Photographs © Quainton Railway Society or referenced photographer
Email Webmaster
Page Updated: 10 May 2019